Ancestry at 23andMe: New Insights for Sheridan

We first met Sheridan* in the fall of 2010. As an adoptee, she was curious about her DNA and what 23andMe might be able to tell her. With the help of old friends and some new ones on 23andMe, Sheridan learned about her global origins, which include an African-American father and a mother of European descent, and connected with DNA relatives. She even discovered that she and her good friend Brian are 4th cousins, which means she has some Irish ancestry. Together, they figured out a branch of her family tree.

For a quick Ancestry primer, check out:

Ancestry at 23andMe: What Can You Learn?

Follow Sheridan’s journey from the beginning:*

Introducing Sheridan
Sheridan’s Global Origins
Sheridan’s Got Relatives
Finding Connections
Old Roots and New Horizons

*Sheridan and her story are works of fiction and any resemblance to actual people or events is purely coincidental.

For Sheridan, learning about herself on 23andMe did more than just kindle a love for the Irish. By combining the information she learned about her ancestral origins with information from some of the DNA Relatives she found, she and Brian were able to fill in the first pieces of her genealogical history.

Since then, Sheridan’s filled in even more of the family tree on her mother’s side. Her second cousin Mike, identified through 23andMe as a DNA Relative, was able to track down the name of his grandmother’s sister — a woman very likely to be Sheridan’s own grandmother. To Brian’s delight, Mike also found the name of his grandmother’s sister’s husband, a Fitzpatrick descended from the same Irish ancestors as Brian.

Brian always kept her in the loop on 23andMe, though. Some more mutual friends joined and they quickly started sharing on 23andMe. Sheridan remembers when the Neanderthal Ancestry feature came out. There was an unofficial contest over who had the most Neanderthal DNA; Brian was disappointed that he was solidly average for a Northern European person. Sheridan tried to cheer him up by pointing out that he still had the most caveman of their friends with mostly European ancestry.

“Besides,” she said, “I only have 2.2 percent Neanderthal!”

“That’s because Neanderthals were never even in Africa to begin with,” he snorted, but he seemed mollified. Sheridan, far from feeling shortchanged, found it fascinating that even a small percentage of her DNA could be traced back to these prehistoric “cousins.”

But Brian’s Stone Age enthusiasm paled in comparison to his excitement over Ancestry Composition. A new and improved replacement for the popular Ancestry Painting feature, Ancestry Composition gives a much more detailed breakdown of a person’s genetic ancestry. Brian called Sheridan at two in the morning when it came out.

“It’s here!” he exclaimed when she groggily answered the phone.

“Unghh wha–?” she mumbled.

“Ancestry Composition! Like Ancestry Painting, but way better. Remember? Your Ancestry Painting was cool, but your Composition is even cooler. Mine’s still kind of boring, though. But you should look at yours! And I can see it split it up by which side I got from my mom and which side from my dad and you can zoom in and out and change the thresholds… hey, you still there? Sheridan? Hello?”

So maybe two in the morning wasn’t the best time for Brian to tell Sheridan about Ancestry Composition. But the next day they met up at the coffee shop to explore the new feature together.

Brian quickly explained that 23andMe had updated its main ancestry feature with lots of examples of people with full ancestry from different parts of the world — like South Asia, France, or Finland. Some of these people were part of research studies and their genetic data is publicly available. But many of the people 23andMe used to develop its ancestry analysis are 23andMe customers themselves.

“Of course, you can only learn what, say, ‘Welsh DNA’ looks like if you have some examples of it,” he said. “The more examples you can learn from, the better your analysis will be. And 23andMe has a lot of different types of examples.”

Brian clicked on the ‘+’ symbol in the “Resolution” bar to zoom in. “It’s still all European for me — no surprise — but now it can break it down into sub-regions.” The list of ancestries on the right of the screen expanded as he clicked and when he hovered the mouse pointer over the darker blue ring the map zoomed in to the British Isles. “See? 99% British and Irish!” he said, puffing out his chest, which today was sporting, perhaps not accidentally, a green “Kiss me, I’m Irish!” t-shirt.

Sheridan rolled her eyes. “Ok, ok, you were saying mine was cooler, though, right?”

“Oh, right. Yeah.”

Sheridan scooted him aside and pulled her Ancestry Composition up on the screen. The rings quickly morphed into concentric stacks of bright colors with a rainbow-colored map in the middle. “Ooh,” she breathed. “Yeah, that’s pretty cool.”

According to the new analysis, Sheridan’s DNA was about 62% European, 37% Sub-Saharan African, and 1.2% East Asian or Native American. The rest of her DNA was unassigned, meaning it couldn’t be mapped confidently to any specific population.

“Africa isn’t broken down into sub-regions yet the way Europe is,” Brian said, pointing to the pink stripe, “but 23andMe is going to update this soon.”

“Hm, I guess I can wait a little longer,” said Sheridan. “It’s nice to see all the European populations, though. Look, there’s the Irish ancestry for me, too!”

She already knew that she probably had some Irish ancestry based on the fact that she and 99% Irish Brian were 4th cousins and they’d traced their Irish family connection through her second cousin Mike, but it was somehow gratifying to see it spelled out so clearly on her screen. She could also see that she had some Eastern European and even a bit of Native American ancestry.

There was also a small dark blue band in her Composition labeled as “Ashkenazi”. “That might actually be interesting,” Brian mused, “Let’s look into that later.”

For now, Ancestry Composition kept them busy as they explored their friends’ results. Miguel had a colorful Composition like Sheridan, except it had much more Native American and much less African. Mesut, Sheridan’s Turkish friend, was mainly Middle Eastern and European.

“Did Camille know she has Native American ancestry?” she asked, pointing to the 3.3% Native American in her Ancestry Composition.

“Not before she did 23andMe,” said Brian. “When she saw that result she did some digging and it turns out that her paternal grandfather was one-eighth Chippewa!”

He went to the drop down menu and selected another friend of theirs, Jamie. “This is pretty cool, too. Jamie’s half Askhenazi Jewish, and since her parents are also on 23andMe you can use the ‘Split View’ setting to see which side of the family it’s from.”

The map in the middle disappeared and the labels “Father” and “Mother appeared on either side of a vertical line splitting the colored rings in half. Sheridan could see that the Ashkenazi ancestry was clearly from Jamie’s mother’s side.

“Wow, that’s cool,” said Sheridan. She thought for a second. “So if I do end up learning who my mother is, and if I’m able to find her, and if she wants to do 23andMe… would this be able to tell me more about my father’s side, too?”

Brian nodded. “That’ a lot of ‘ifs’, but yeah, I think so. You just need one parent for it to tell which half of your DNA came from that parent. Then by default, the other half came from the other parent.”

“Whew.” Sheridan sat back. “This whole genetic ancestry thing just got even more interesting.”

To be continued…


  • Wolfgang Pecota

    my 23andme account says,”Unfortunately, the sample data did not meet our quality guidelines. ” So would it be possible to get a new one?

    • Scott23H

      Yes, you should get a one. The way the process works is that when you send your sample to the lab it is processed and the DNA is extracted. Sometimes during the extraction process not enough DNA is extracted to test. So the process is repeated. The most common cause of low DNA is that the preservative solution is not fully released into the tube. But some people just naturally have low DNA in their saliva. If a customer is sent a replacement kit, and two tries on the new saliva sample still don’t yield enough DNA, then unfortunately the customer probably won’t be able to use our service and a refund is made. Luckily, this is a very rare occurrence.
      I’m not sure where you are in the process but you should contact customer care directly for more information about your sample. You can contact them here:

  • Cydne DeLamont

    Hi I am waiting for my results and wondering how I am going to find out if I am really related to my deceased father? I had my little sister take a test too. Is that how I will find out or what? Thanks!

    • Scott23H

      There might be a couple of ways to do that. First off, you should see if the test reveals that you and your sister are full siblings.
      Another way would be to test someone on your paternal line, that could be your father’s brother, your father’s brother’s son, your father’s father or if your father had a son.
      There are possibly some other ways to figure this out, but they involve triangulating information about yourself and your family and possibly the use of paper records.

  • Everett

    Question on maternal/paternal split. Since both my parents are deceased, would a sample from my mother’s brother allow the determination of this split?

    • Scott23H

      I’m not sure so I’ve referred you question to our Customer Care team.

  • Scott23H

    Yes the matches are from all sides of your family tree.

    • Rose Smith

      Thank you, being that my mother is deceased and I cannot provide her saliva, can my moms hair be used for DNA? Or if my mother’s maternal sister tested in place of my mom, would that help me to decipher between my maternal dna matches verses the paternal dna matches? Thank you

      • Scott23H

        Rose, I’m sorry but we do not use hair samples. That’s not how our lab is set up. We also do not test samples for deceased individuals.
        It may help having your mother’s sister tested. You can see where you and she match up and this may help you identify what comes from your mother’s side of the family and what comes from your father’s side.

        • Rose Smith

          Thank you

  • Scott23H

    This doesn’t happen that often but it does happen. We have a section in our FAQs with more detail (
    But in answer to your question there are a lot of reasons that a sample may fail. We don’t necessarily know why it is more difficult to analyze some samples over others. If necessary, the lab will make multiple attempts at all stages of the process in order to provide results; however, due to biological variability some people simply don’t have a high enough concentration of DNA in their saliva for our technology to process.
    The lab will rerun your sample. Hopefully that will allow them to extract enough DNA to do the analysis.

  • Gina Smith

    Is there a way to reanalyze a sample. My relative’s sample was done — but it shows only half the SNPs analyzed (as shown in trait box) as everyone else I know, which are closer to a million. In fact, even his DNA cousins seem to reflect only half a picture. How does one do this?

    • Scott23H

      We wouldn’t reanalyze a sample in which we’ve returned results. If we’ve returned results then they should be complete. What you are describing sounds very unusual to me so I’ve forwarded your question to our Customer Care team. They will be in touch.

  • michelle

    Exciting! My brother took the 23andme test months ago. Our parents have mailed in their samples and are currently waiting on the results. I may take it too, but I’m not sure if it would be very useful for me. Since my brother and I have the same parents, I would think that my results would be (almost) identical to his, except that I obviously don’t have a Y chromosome, being female.

    • Rekka Riley

      Actually, siblings can be very genetically diverse. Take my biological brother and I: same two parents, and yet people do not believe we are related at all without comparing BOTH of us to pictures of BOTH parents. Even then, the only way they can see us as related is the fact that both of us resemble our parents in very, very different ways. Genetics is pretty random like that.
      As far as doing this kind of test, I kind of saw it as a “sure, why not” sort of deal. Seemed like it might be a fun thing to play with. :)

    • vermontsilkie

      I was thinking the same while so very grateful that my (full) brother had chosen to have his DNA tested – as like you, I am female thus unable to trace paternal ancestry via a Y chromosome. Finally I took one of the tests my brother had, and our ethnicity results differed. While we were both close to half Irish (our father’s side), my brother showed predominantly English ancestry on Mom’s side whereas mine came back as “15% Scandinavian, 24% Western European” which of course reflects the makeup of our English half but in me is apparently expressed differently. The results also depend upon the depth of ethnicity samples the testing company has, and that company was not 23andme. Soon I will test here too, as my brother did. My brother’s 23andme genealogical connections, by the way, have already helped us connect the dots with our hard-to-trace Irish ancestry. My results should be sufficiently diverse to help even more.

  • Alejandro Cabrera

    I’m just looking for my biological family.

    I’m exciting about that.

  • Zeze

    Was not expecting the results to take this long, it took three weeks for the lab to confirm they received the sample and said another three to six to get the results.

  • rossini

    I’m interested in whether I have a predisposition to anxiety. And am interested in whether drugs will make me better or worse. Will 23andme do that for me?

    • Scott23H

      The short answer to you is no. First off, we are not currently reporting health results to new customers in the United States pending a regulator review process with the FDA.
      But even prior to this review process, and in markets like Canada, where we are selling the full product, we do not have reports that are specific to anxiety. In addition we don’t have any drug response reports that are specific to medication that is used to treat anxiety.
      That said there are some studies that look at the genetics behind such things as OCD.

  • joeschmoew

    If I have the testing materials sent to a Canadian address and use that as my address in your files, can I have access to my health information? I’m disappointed that the “land of the free” doesn’t let its citizens have access to their own health information.

    • 23blog

      Our Canadian product is only available for Canadian residents.

  • Doris Hutchens

    I received notification that “not enough DNA was present to analysis” I followed instructions to the letter, I have ordered a replacement kit, but I just happened to check the progress report and discovered it. I feel I should have been notified by Email of this the same way I was notified the sample was received. Not happy.

  • 23blog

    We are not estimating that it will take four to six weeks to process the sample. Thanks for your order and Merry Christmas.

  • Shanna

    When will Africa be broken down into sub regions? If I had known it would not be, I never would have ordered from 23andme. It is tailored for Europeans only.

    • 23blog

      Our ancestry results for Africa are broken down into subregions, but we do not yet get into finer detail that would help identify specific tribal ancestry.

      • Shanna

        Ok. Thank you.

      • Shanna

        Is the breakdown listed by regions or countries?

        • 23blog

          We report by regions.

        • Shanna

          Ok. So your response was misleading. I never asked about specific tribes. I was referring to the fact that you do not list the specific countries in Africa like you do in Europe. Your company should have some kind of disclaimer about that. I am paying the same price for less information. You people are a fraud and I will be filing a complaint with the appropriate agency about your discriminatory business practices.

        • 23blog

          We do disclose what we report out to customers. For people with African ancestry we report out regional information —Sub-Saharan African, West African, East African, Central & South African. We do not report out country level data, which would likely be problematic because of how migration among ethnic groups within Africa. I’m not sure how any of this is discriminatory. As we’ve obtained additional reference population data we’ve been able to improve the level of detail for reporting customers Ancestry Composition. We’ve also worked at improving the diversity among individuals participating in research. Two of our projects, the Roots into the Future and African Ancestry project, both are efforts to improve the diversity of genetic research.

        • Shanna

          Problematic? It’s being done by another company. Thank for responding.

        • Ferante

          What can I say? They did not give me countries in Europe either. Mine just said, Balkans, Southern Europe, or Eastern Europe. (there are many countries in each of these , and it matters greatly to me whether I have originated from Greece, Poland, Romania, or Italy!) Should I have cried “discrimination” also?

  • 23blog

    Hi John,
    When you look at your raw data, you are looking at all the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that we test on our chip. These are different variants in your genome and at each of these locations we test for what your genotype is at that location.

    Most SNPs have two different versions or alleles present in the population. The letters in the versions column of your raw data tell you what those two possibilities are. Since everyone carries two copies of most SNPs—one from each parent—your data is reported under the Genotype column as two letters.

    For example, the SNP rs17221260 has two versions: G or T. You can therefore have one of three possible genotypes: GG, GT, or TT.

    More information about the SNP is available at dbSNP (hosted by the National Center for Biotechnology Information). If you expand the entry by clicking the + symbol and then open the “dbSNP Lookup” link, you will be taken to a dbSNP entry for this SNP.

    Keep in mind that the letters you see in Browse Raw Data may not always agree with what you see in dbSNP. See our FAQ on strand orientation for more details.

  • 23blog

    Hi Mary,
    We do break down African ancestry by regions, but not subregions. This issue there is having scientifically valid reference populations. We want to make sure any estimate we give to customers is well grounded in supportable science. We have several efforts to get more fine grained results on African ancestry. We are collecting more West African ancestry information, for instance, as part of what we’re calling our African Ancestry project. That information could be particularly helpful for African Americans, who most often trace their ancestry to that region of Africa. We don’t have a timeline for when those updates will happen however, but I can say we are currently working on that.

  • 23blog

    We have a feature called DNA Relatives. In there all your matches are listed. Whether those individuals wish to share with you is up to them. Some customers do not wish to participate in DNA Relatives so they opt out, so it is possible that there are individuals with whom you match who do not show up because they have opted out of DNA Relatives.
    The matches you see will also have a prediction on who closely they are related to you. From close relative out to more distant cousins. Some people may participate in DNA Relatives, but their profiles do not list their names.
    Hope that helps.

  • Easton

    Hi there!

    Just a question about the saliva sample. In the section titled “Tips and Tricks for Saliva Sample” (or some version of that), it says that if we can’t get enough saliva to put some sugar at the tip of our tongue, but couldn’t that negatively affect the sample, since were supposed to avoid all food and drink 30 minutes prior?

    • 23blog

      No that won’t negatively affect the sample as long as you are not eating something and just using a small amount on the tip of your tongue.

  • 23blog

    I’m not positive that I’ve got your question right, but I’ll attempt to answer. First off, when you see your Ancestry Composition you can calibrate it differently setting a Standard, Conservative and Speculative filters. Each one might give you slightly different percentages based on those different thresholds.

    You can bore down a little more by expanding the circles through clicking on the resolution menu – Global, Regional and Subregional.

    To the right of the circles is the percentage breakdown for your ancestry composition. Depending on what your are displaying Global, Regional or Subregional, the display with the percentages will be different. The most complete list is subregional.

    Now I think we get to your question. So if you go to the subregional percentage and hover over say “British & Irish” or “French & German” and then click on the arrow to the right that will lead you to the reference populations that were used to make the estimate. This is simply meant to show you how we are able to make estimates on customers Ancestry Composition. Currently we have 31 reference populations that we use to estimate customers Ancestry Composition. As we improve the estimate and get more fine grained estimates we will update the tool.

    I hope this helps. For more information go to:

  • Jo Popowick

    I am an adoptee, I know my families last names but here’s a question, once my dna results are in will I be able to find my true Birthfather? The man named on my OBC {NY} is just a name as he was deported back to Greece in 1961,I was born in 1967 so there is no way for him to be my true BF however there is someone who is, would I find him in DNA relatives?

    • 23blog

      Hi Jo,
      The short answer is that it would be a long shot to expect that your biological father has tested and you will find him on 23andMe. We have a very big database, but even with about a million people the odds that he tested are slim.
      That said testing could help you find more information about your biological family.

      23andMe is not a service designed to help people find their biological parents, but several of our features can help you find people you are related to.

      DNA Relatives is a feature that compares all of our customers’ genetic data, looking for shared segments of DNA. These shared segments indicate that two people are related through a common ancestor.

      The number of relatives you will be matched to can vary. For example, people with European ancestry often have over 100 relatives. People with Ashkenazi Jewish ancestry, a group that is more related than average, may have more than 1,000 relatives. People with Asian ancestry will likely have fewer matches.

      I hope this helps and good luck with your search. If you have other questions about the service and how you might use it to find biological relatives you can go to our help pages where you’ll see frequently asked questions around those issues. (

    • Kerri Davis

      we share similar story and its neat we both have ties to Greece my grandfather was full Greek according to some family members i recently found. my great grandfather was Efrem Callas he was in the navy in Greece and sailed on the Carpathian ship to save those that where drowning on the titanic. the only thing i know is because of his service back then he was pardoned to live in the USA though i am not sure how that was done. lol i often wonder if i am an immigrant as we all probably are in the USA lol but my grandmother is native Indian at least that’s all i know and was told but i don’t know if that’s the truth. i am sitting here patiently waiting for my results. basically my point in this is i was an orphan at the age of 3 and i did not know any of my family or relatives could it be that maybe we are relatives ill change my picture so you can see what i look like lol we do look alike. i was born in 1975 in the US

    • Kerri Davis

      or you can add me to face book if you like i don’t know why my pic wont show up here but if you would like to see how much we resemble appearances add me on face book kerri Davis pic of hand touching green tomato or add me by email

  • Stephanie

    My Dad has 1.5% Ashkenazi, but mine only shows 0.3%. Shouldn’t I have half of his percentage which would be 0.75%?

  • Rachel Leonard Rabenhorst

    This is my question…. I have pictures of my great grandmother and she is obviously Native American, but I came up as 0% and I know that nobody was adopted. How is this possible?!

    • Dana Brown

      Genetic washout–you can be directly related to someone of NA descent, but not inherit any of those genes due to recombination. Additionally (this is touchy for many White Americans)…it’s possible your great grandmother was passing for NA when she was really admixed with Afro-American ancestry. This is very common in White American genealogies.

  • Ferante

    In order to see which part of my ancestry comes from each parent, will a test from my half-sister help? (we share only one parent). Will that be as good as a test from one of my parents?

    • 23blog

      It will definitely help you identify which things that you share from your shared parent.

  • Ferante

    As a female, whose paternal haplogroup is not known by 23andMe, does this mean that all the ancestry percentages I am seeing is only what has come from my mother?

  • Ferante

    Will you provide more detailed country information for areas like Southern Europe, Eastern Europe and Balkans in the future? There are currently under 100 members for each of the countries in those areas. How many members do you need in order to start offering detailed country info? A subquestion would be – there is a sizeable Roma (or Gypsy) presence in many of the Balkan countries. Roma come from India. If there was any Roma admixture in my ancestry, how would it show up in my results?

    • 23blog

      I think you may be mixing the number of people that we include in our reference populations used for calculating Ancestry Composition and the number of customers we have from those regions.

      We don’t have a timeline for Ancestry Composition improvements, but have consistently updated that feature as we’ve grown.

      You also asked questions about Roma ancestry. We don’t calculate Roma ancestry, but there are other clues you could use, including maternal and paternal haplogroups.

      • Ferante

        Thank you. I am J1C – but there are many subtypes, with more letters afterward – will I learn my haplogroup subtype?
        Second, I fail to understand the significance of haplogroups. If a male does
        not have a son, his haplogroup „dies“ and will not be transmitted to anyone. His grandson will get his haplogroup not from the granddad, but from his own dad, who may have totally different ethnic origins from the grandfather. So in the end, you may not look at all like the haplogroup you carry. If you are male and all your male ancestors for 7 generations back happened to have a male child, you will still carry the haplogroup of your 7th grandparent. But if you come from a line where even one generation did not produce a male hair, you’ll get your haplogroup from your dad, and it will not reflect any of your other male ancestors, from whom, however, you will have inherited a large
        part of your ancestry. So for example, I may have Roma ancestry without my haplogroup reflecting that.

      • Ferante

        Lastly, I don’t see a community group devoted to my haplogroup. How do I create a new Group?

        • 23blog

          Hi Ferante,
          It’s pretty simple to start a thread. First, navigate to the group page that best corresponds to the subject of your post and click the Start a new thread button. (There is a community group around J1. You can go there and enter a thread subject and the content of your post in the text box that appears between the group overview and the list of threads, and click Post to share your thread.

  • 23blog

    I’m not sure I understand your question. I think health and traits that you have may be relevant to your siblings. You share a lot of DNA so your results may be of interest to them. If they’ve tested you can compare and see differences pretty distinctly.
    As for ancestry, although you and your siblings both inherit 50 percent of your DNA from your mother and 50 percent from your father, it is not the same 50 percent. So there could be some slight differences in your ancestry composition.

  • Ferante

    What exactly is the purpose of sharing genoms with your DNA matches? Isn’t this information too private to share?

    • 23blog

      Hi Ferante,
      Customers can decide whether to share anything at all, or just a little bit and with whom they would share. There are reasons to share particularly with family members, but plenty of customers do not wish to share this information.

  • 23blog

    Hi Ferante,
    You are correct about how the paternal line is passed from father to son. Haplogroup’s are mostly helpful in looking back and in the context of other information that you have about your family history.

  • 23blog

    A third or fourth cousin, while distant, shares with you a common relative three of four generations back. That can be helpful in trying to find out more information about your family. But you should go through your matches and attempt to prioritize them. So for instance you can look at how your matches cluster geographically, or look at common surnames. Using that information and information you already know about your family history will help you zero in your search. So for instance, if you know you have family roots in Virginia, and you look at your DNA Relatives and see that there is a cluster of matches in Virginia, you might then look to connect with those matches.

  • Kerri Davis

    ok i have a bit of an odd situation! Maybe some one out there can help me. I sent in my sample and I am anxiously waiting. lol i was an orphan at the age of 3 so i really dont know much about my parents. when i signed up for face book i happen to come across a name i searched for and it lead me to finding my father mother aunts and cousins and last but not least my grandmother who is still living after going all over the us to meet these family members many didn’t know i even existed and many new but never new ware i had gone i never new i had so many family members scattered all over the us lol any way on my fathers side of the family they all tell me i am Greek and Indian and on my mothers side of the family whom i have met tell me i am Canadian french Irish then when i started to ask all my family members on both sides no one really seems to know what i am some say no you are not Indian but yes you are Greek its like this on both sides of my family. the only way i will know for sure is buy sending in a DNA test right? well so that’s exactly what i did and not only did i send in a DNA test to this company i also did to two other company’s yes it cost me a whopping 300 bucks but well worth it to truly find out the truth lol and to compare each company’s results to see who is more accurate but being i do not even know any thing except yes i am Greek and am proud to be Greek i still want to find out more of my ancestry genetic song every human has musical notes i just want to know what music i play just like all of you but my question is this. will they be able to accurately be able to tell me what mt nationality is?

  • Walid Sleiman

    I have got my Haplogroup as J2 other people got a haplogroup longer than me. What i can do to get my full one.
    About the ethnicity. My result with different company is:
    49% Middle East
    33% Italy/Greece
    17% Caucasus
    1 Other regions
    With 23andme is 97% Middle East and North Africa, …
    Why that big difference?
    W S

    • 23blog

      J2 is a “full” haplogroup. It is a subgroup of J.
      As for your Ancestry Composition results, I can’t really say what another company might have come up with. We offer you the ability to look at your ancestry composition using different filters, a conservative, standard and speculative. This basically allows you to change the error margins for how your ancestry is predicted. The process if explained in detail in that feature as well so you can see how we come up with the estimates.

  • 23blog

    Your mother and father could have the same haplogroup and still not be related to each other. In addition, you may be looking at your mother’s Maternal Haplogroup (her maternal line) versus you father’s Paternal Haplogroup (the male line). In addition, haplogroups look at much more distant common ancestors and are really more informative for ancestry as opposed to family relationships. So for instance, many Europeans share the same H maternal haplogroup, but that doesn’t mean that they are related to each other.

    • Walid Sleiman

      Thank you so much. I have sort it out with Gedmatch

  • Jannine

    This is probably not the correct place to ask this question. I am new to the site and my new “information”. How will this information be affected by the finds of “the Rising Star Cave” on 9/23/2013? Are our ancestors much older than once thought? So history is rewritten?

    • 23blog

      Hi Jannine,
      It’s unlikely that the find at Rising Star Cave will impact how we report back data to customers. What that find does however is it gives us more understanding of the human story. What is interesting is that we find many branches of the “human family tree,” that have contributed to modern humans. What’s also interesting is that some of those branches didn’t contribute to modern humans.

  • 23blog

    Unless your father has tested or you’ve tested another male relative on your paternal line — a brother, your father’s brother or his father etc. — you would not be able to learn your father’s haplogroup. If you’d like to know more about that you can go here:

  • Jenjen12

    Can’t wait for mine!

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